Zero and sign extension

By default, when a sub-register-sized quantity of data is loaded, the rest of the register is zeroed, as shown in this figure:


Note: Remember that whenever a W register is written, the top half of the X register is zeroed.

Adding an S to the operation causes the value to be sign extended instead. How far the size extension goes depends on whether the target is a W or X register, as shown in this figure:

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