The three main functions of the MMU are to:
- Control the table walk hardware that accesses translation tables in main memory.
- Translate Virtual Addresses (VAs) to Physical Addresses (PAs).
- Provide fine-grained memory system control through a set of virtual-to-physical address mappings and memory attributes that are held in translation tables.
Each stage of address translation uses a set of address translations and associated memory properties that are held in memory mapped tables called translation tables. Translation table entries can be cached into a Translation Lookaside Buffer (TLB).
The following table describes the components included in the MMU.
Table A5-1 TLBs and TLB caches in the MMU
|Instruction L1 TLB||48 entries, fully associative.|
|Data L1 TLB||48 entries, fully associative.|
|L2 TLB||1280 entries, 5-way set associative.|
|Translation table prefetcher||Detects an access to contiguous translation tables and prefetches the next one. This prefetcher can be disabled in the ECTLR register.|
The TLB entries contain either one or both of a global indicator and an Address Space Identifier (ASID) to permit context switches without requiring the TLB to be invalidated.
The TLB entries contain a Virtual Machine Identifier (VMID) to permit virtual machine switches by the hypervisor without requiring the TLB to be invalidated.