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13.12. Monitor debug-mode debugging

Monitor debug-mode debugging is essential in real-time systems when the integer unit cannot be halted to collect information. Engine controllers and servo mechanisms in hard drive controllers are examples of systems that might not be able to stop the code without physically damaging components. These are typical systems that can be debugged using Monitor debug-mode.

For situations that can only tolerate a small intrusion into the instruction stream, Monitor debug-mode is ideal. Using this technique, code can be suspended with an exception long enough to save off state information and important variables. The code continues when the exception handler is finished. The method of entry bits in the DSCR can be read to determine what caused the exception.

When in Monitor debug-mode, all breakpoint and watchpoint registers can be read and written with MRC and MCR instructions from a privileged processing mode.