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ACP performance

The ACP interface can support up to four outstanding transactions. These can be any combination of reads and writes.

The master must avoid sending more than one outstanding transaction on the same AXI ID, to prevent the second transaction stalling the interface until the first has completed. If the master requires explicit ordering between two transactions, ARM recommends that it waits for the response to the first transaction before sending the second transaction.

Writes are generally higher performance when they contain a full cache line of data.

If SCU cache protection is configured, writes of less than 64 bits incur an additional overhead of performing a read-modify-write sequence if they hit in the L2 cache.

Some L2 resources are shared between the ACP interface and the cores, therefore heavy traffic on the ACP interface might, in some cases, reduce the performance of the cores.

You can use the ARCACHE and AWCACHE signals to control whether the ACP request causes an allocation into the L2 cache if it misses. However if a CHI master interface is configured then, to ensure correct ordering of data beats, ACP reads that miss always allocate into the L2 cache.