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Atomic signed maximum on byte in memory atomically loads an 8-bit byte from memory, compares it against the value held in a register, and stores the larger value back to memory, treating the values as signed numbers. The value initially loaded from memory is returned in the destination register.

  • If the destination register is not WZR, LDSMAXAB and LDSMAXALB load from memory with acquire semantics.
  • LDSMAXLB and LDSMAXALB store to memory with release semantics.
  • LDSMAXB has no memory ordering requirements.

For more information about memory ordering semantics see Load-Acquire, Store-Release.

For information about memory accesses see Load/Store addressing modes.

This instruction is used by the alias STSMAXB, STSMAXLB.



LDSMAXAB (A == 1 && R == 0)

LDSMAXAB <Ws>, <Wt>, [<Xn|SP>]

LDSMAXALB (A == 1 && R == 1)

LDSMAXALB <Ws>, <Wt>, [<Xn|SP>]

LDSMAXB (A == 0 && R == 0)

LDSMAXB <Ws>, <Wt>, [<Xn|SP>]

LDSMAXLB (A == 0 && R == 1)

LDSMAXLB <Ws>, <Wt>, [<Xn|SP>]

if !HaveAtomicExt() then UNDEFINED;
integer t = UInt(Rt);
integer n = UInt(Rn);
integer s = UInt(Rs);

AccType ldacctype = if A == '1' && Rt != '11111' then AccType_ORDEREDATOMICRW else AccType_ATOMICRW;
AccType stacctype = if R == '1' then AccType_ORDEREDATOMICRW else AccType_ATOMICRW;
boolean tag_checked = n != 31;

Assembler Symbols


Is the 32-bit name of the general-purpose register holding the data value to be operated on with the contents of the memory location, encoded in the "Rs" field.


Is the 32-bit name of the general-purpose register to be loaded, encoded in the "Rt" field.


Is the 64-bit name of the general-purpose base register or stack pointer, encoded in the "Rn" field.

Alias Conditions

AliasIs preferred when
STSMAXB, STSMAXLBA == '0' && Rt == '11111'


bits(64) address;
bits(8) value;
bits(8) data;
bits(8) result;

if HaveMTEExt() then

value = X[s];
if n == 31 then
    address = SP[];
    address = X[n];

// All observers in the shareability domain observe the
// following load and store atomically.
data = Mem[address, 1, ldacctype];

result = if SInt(data) > SInt(value) then data else value;
Mem[address, 1, stacctype] = result;

if t != 31 then
    X[t] = ZeroExtend(data, 32);

Operational information

If PSTATE.DIT is 1, the timing of this instruction is insensitive to the value of the data being loaded or stored.