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FCMLA (vectors)

Floating-point complex multiply-add with rotate (predicated).

Multiply the duplicated real components for rotations 0 and 180, or imaginary components for rotations 90 and 270, of the floating-point complex numbers in the first source vector by the corresponding complex number in the second source vector rotated by 0, 90, 180 or 270 degrees in the direction from the positive real axis towards the positive imaginary axis, when considered in polar representation.

Then destructively add the products to the corresponding components of the complex numbers in the addend and destination vector, without intermediate rounding.

These transformations permit the creation of a variety of multiply-add and multiply-subtract operations on complex numbers by combining two of these instructions with the same vector operands but with rotations that are 90 degrees apart.

Each complex number is represented in a vector register as an even/odd pair of elements with the real part in the even-numbered element and the imaginary part in the odd-numbered element. Inactive elements in the destination vector register remain unmodified.



FCMLA <Zda>.<T>, <Pg>/M, <Zn>.<T>, <Zm>.<T>, <const>

if !HaveSVE() then UNDEFINED;
if size == '00' then UNDEFINED;
integer esize = 8 << UInt(size);
integer g = UInt(Pg);
integer n = UInt(Zn);
integer m = UInt(Zm);
integer da = UInt(Zda);
integer sel_a = UInt(rot<0>);
integer sel_b = UInt(NOT(rot<0>));
boolean neg_i = (rot<1> == '1');
boolean neg_r = (rot<0> != rot<1>);

Assembler Symbols


Is the name of the third source and destination scalable vector register, encoded in the "Zda" field.

<T> Is the size specifier, encoded in size:
size <T>
01 H
10 S
11 D

Is the name of the governing scalable predicate register P0-P7, encoded in the "Pg" field.


Is the name of the first source scalable vector register, encoded in the "Zn" field.


Is the name of the second source scalable vector register, encoded in the "Zm" field.

<const> Is the const specifier, encoded in rot:
rot <const>
00 #0
01 #90
10 #180
11 #270


integer pairs = VL DIV (2 * esize);
bits(PL) mask = P[g];
bits(VL) operand1 = Z[n];
bits(VL) operand2 = Z[m];
bits(VL) operand3 = Z[da];
bits(VL) result;

for p = 0 to pairs-1
    addend_r = Elem[operand3, 2 * p + 0, esize];
    addend_i = Elem[operand3, 2 * p + 1, esize];
    elt1_a   = Elem[operand1, 2 * p + sel_a, esize];
    elt2_a   = Elem[operand2, 2 * p + sel_a, esize];
    elt2_b   = Elem[operand2, 2 * p + sel_b, esize];
    if ElemP[mask, 2 * p + 0, esize] == '1' then
        if neg_r then elt2_a = FPNeg(elt2_a);
        addend_r = FPMulAdd(addend_r, elt1_a, elt2_a, FPCR);
    if ElemP[mask, 2 * p + 1, esize] == '1' then
        if neg_i then elt2_b = FPNeg(elt2_b);
        addend_i = FPMulAdd(addend_i, elt1_a, elt2_b, FPCR);
    Elem[result, 2 * p + 0, esize] = addend_r;
    Elem[result, 2 * p + 1, esize] = addend_i;

Z[da] = result;

Operational information

This instruction might be immediately preceded in program order by a MOVPRFX instruction that conforms to all of the following requirements, otherwise the behavior of either or both instructions is unpredictable:

  • The MOVPRFX instruction must specify the same destination register as this instruction.
  • The destination register must not refer to architectural register state referenced by any other source operand register of this instruction.
The MOVPRFX instructions that can be used with this instruction are as follows:
  • An unpredicated MOVPRFX instruction.
  • A predicated MOVPRFX instruction using the same governing predicate register and source element size as this instruction.