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CSDB

Consumption of Speculative Data Barrier is a memory barrier that controls speculative execution and data value prediction.

No instruction other than branch instructions appearing in program order after the CSDB can be speculatively executed using the results of any:

  • Data value predictions of any instructions.
  • PSTATE.{N,Z,C,V} predictions of any instructions other than conditional branch instructions appearing in program order before the CSDB that have not been architecturally resolved.
  • Predictions of SVE predication state for any SVE instructions.

For purposes of the definition of CSDB, PSTATE.{N,Z,C,V} is not considered a data value. This definition permits:

  • Control flow speculation before and after the CSDB.
  • Speculative execution of conditional data processing instructions after the CSDB, unless they use the results of data value or PSTATE.{N,Z,C,V} predictions of instructions appearing in program order before the CSDB that have not been architecturally resolved.

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11010101000000110010001010011111
CRmop2

System

CSDB

SystemHintOp op;

case CRm:op2 of
    when '0000 000' op = SystemHintOp_NOP;
    when '0000 001' op = SystemHintOp_YIELD;
    when '0000 010' op = SystemHintOp_WFE;
    when '0000 011' op = SystemHintOp_WFI;
    when '0000 100' op = SystemHintOp_SEV;
    when '0000 101' op = SystemHintOp_SEVL;
    when '0000 110'
        if !HaveDGHExt() then EndOfInstruction();                  // Instruction executes as NOP
        op = SystemHintOp_DGH;
    when '0000 111' SEE "XPACLRI";
    when '0001 xxx'
        case op2 of
            when '000' SEE "PACIA1716";
            when '010' SEE "PACIB1716";
            when '100' SEE "AUTIA1716";
            when '110' SEE "AUTIB1716";
            otherwise EndOfInstruction();                          // Instruction executes as NOP
    when '0010 000'
        if !HaveRASExt() then EndOfInstruction();                  // Instruction executes as NOP
        op = SystemHintOp_ESB;
    when '0010 001'
        if !HaveStatisticalProfiling() then EndOfInstruction();    // Instruction executes as NOP
        op = SystemHintOp_PSB;
    when '0010 010'
        if !HaveSelfHostedTrace() then EndOfInstruction();         // Instruction executes as NOP
        op = SystemHintOp_TSB;
    when '0010 100'
        op = SystemHintOp_CSDB;
    when '0011 xxx'
        case op2 of
            when '000' SEE "PACIAZ";
            when '001' SEE "PACIASP";
            when '010' SEE "PACIBZ";
            when '011' SEE "PACIBSP";
            when '100' SEE "AUTIAZ";
            when '101' SEE "AUTHASP";
            when '110' SEE "AUTIBZ";
            when '111' SEE "AUTIBSP";
    when '0100 xx0'
        op = SystemHintOp_BTI;
        // Check branch target compatibility between BTI instruction and PSTATE.BTYPE
        SetBTypeCompatible(BTypeCompatible_BTI(op2<2:1>));
    otherwise EndOfInstruction();                                 // Instruction executes as NOP

Operation

case op of
    when SystemHintOp_YIELD
        Hint_Yield();

    when SystemHintOp_DGH
        Hint_DGH();

    when SystemHintOp_WFE
        if IsEventRegisterSet() then
            ClearEventRegister();
        else
            if PSTATE.EL == EL0 then
                // Check for traps described by the OS which may be EL1 or EL2.
                AArch64.CheckForWFxTrap(EL1, TRUE);
            if PSTATE.EL IN {EL0, EL1} && EL2Enabled() && !IsInHost() then
                // Check for traps described by the Hypervisor.
                AArch64.CheckForWFxTrap(EL2, TRUE);
            if HaveEL(EL3) && PSTATE.EL != EL3 then
                // Check for traps described by the Secure Monitor.
                AArch64.CheckForWFxTrap(EL3, TRUE);
            WaitForEvent();

    when SystemHintOp_WFI
        if !InterruptPending() then
            if PSTATE.EL == EL0 then
                // Check for traps described by the OS which may be EL1 or EL2.
                AArch64.CheckForWFxTrap(EL1, FALSE);
            if PSTATE.EL IN {EL0, EL1} && EL2Enabled() && !IsInHost() then
                // Check for traps described by the Hypervisor.
                AArch64.CheckForWFxTrap(EL2, FALSE);
            if HaveEL(EL3) && PSTATE.EL != EL3 then
                // Check for traps described by the Secure Monitor.
                AArch64.CheckForWFxTrap(EL3, FALSE);
            WaitForInterrupt();

    when SystemHintOp_SEV
        SendEvent();

    when SystemHintOp_SEVL
        SendEventLocal();

    when SystemHintOp_ESB
        SynchronizeErrors();
        AArch64.ESBOperation();
        if PSTATE.EL IN {EL0, EL1} && EL2Enabled() then AArch64.vESBOperation();
        TakeUnmaskedSErrorInterrupts();

    when SystemHintOp_PSB
        ProfilingSynchronizationBarrier();

    when SystemHintOp_TSB
        TraceSynchronizationBarrier();

    when SystemHintOp_CSDB
        ConsumptionOfSpeculativeDataBarrier();

    when SystemHintOp_BTI
        SetBTypeNext('00');

    otherwise // do nothing