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MLS (vector)

Multiply-Subtract from accumulator (vector). This instruction multiplies corresponding elements in the vectors of the two source SIMD&FP registers, and subtracts the results from the vector elements of the destination SIMD&FP register.

Depending on the settings in the CPACR_EL1, CPTR_EL2, and CPTR_EL3 registers, and the current Security state and Exception level, an attempt to execute the instruction might be trapped.

313029282726252423222120191817161514131211109876543210
0Q101110size1Rm100101RnRd
U

Three registers of the same type

MLS <Vd>.<T>, <Vn>.<T>, <Vm>.<T>

integer d = UInt(Rd);
integer n = UInt(Rn);
integer m = UInt(Rm);
if size == '11' then UNDEFINED;
integer esize = 8 << UInt(size);
integer datasize = if Q == '1' then 128 else 64;
integer elements = datasize DIV esize;

boolean sub_op = (U == '1');

Assembler Symbols

<Vd>

Is the name of the SIMD&FP destination register, encoded in the "Rd" field.

<T> Is an arrangement specifier, encoded in size:Q:
size Q <T>
00 0 8B
00 1 16B
01 0 4H
01 1 8H
10 0 2S
10 1 4S
11 x RESERVED
<Vn>

Is the name of the first SIMD&FP source register, encoded in the "Rn" field.

<Vm>

Is the name of the second SIMD&FP source register, encoded in the "Rm" field.

Operation

CheckFPAdvSIMDEnabled64();
bits(datasize) operand1 = V[n];
bits(datasize) operand2 = V[m];
bits(datasize) operand3 = V[d];
bits(datasize) result;
bits(esize) element1;
bits(esize) element2;
bits(esize) product;

for e = 0 to elements-1
    element1 = Elem[operand1, e, esize];
    element2 = Elem[operand2, e, esize];
    product = (UInt(element1) * UInt(element2))<esize-1:0>;
    if sub_op then
        Elem[result, e, esize] = Elem[operand3, e, esize] - product;
    else
        Elem[result, e, esize] = Elem[operand3, e, esize] + product;

V[d] = result;

Operational information

If PSTATE.DIT is 1:

  • The execution time of this instruction is independent of:
    • The values of the data supplied in any of its registers.
    • The values of the NZCV flags.
  • The response of this instruction to asynchronous exceptions does not vary based on:
    • The values of the data supplied in any of its registers.
    • The values of the NZCV flags.