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ERET

Exception Return.

The PE branches to the address held in the register holding the preferred return address, and restores PSTATE from SPSR_<current_mode>.

The register holding the preferred return address is:

  • ELR_hyp, when executing in Hyp mode.
  • LR, when executing in a mode other than Hyp mode, User mode, or System mode.

The PE checks SPSR_<current_mode> for an illegal return event. See Illegal return events from AArch32 state.

Exception Return is constrained unpredictable in User mode and System mode.

In Debug state, the T1 encoding of ERET executes the DRPS operation.

It has encodings from the following instruction sets: A32 ( A1 ) and T32 ( T1 ) .

A1

313029282726252423222120191817161514131211109876543210
!= 111100010110(0)(0)(0)(0)(0)(0)(0)(0)(0)(0)(0)(0)0110(1)(1)(1)(0)
cond

A1

ERET{<c>}{<q>}

// No additional decoding required

T1

15141312111098765432101514131211109876543210
111100111101111010(0)0(1)(1)(1)(1)00000000

T1

ERET{<c>}{<q>}

if InITBlock() && !LastInITBlock() then UNPREDICTABLE;

For more information about the constrained unpredictable behavior of this instruction, see Architectural Constraints on UNPREDICTABLE behaviors.

Assembler Symbols

Operation

if ConditionPassed() then
    EncodingSpecificOperations();
    if !Halted() then
        if PSTATE.M IN {M32_User,M32_System} then
            UNPREDICTABLE;                        // UNDEFINED or NOP
        else
            new_pc_value = if PSTATE.EL == EL2 then ELR_hyp else R[14];
            AArch32.ExceptionReturn(new_pc_value, SPSR[]);
    else                                          // Perform DRPS operation in Debug state
        if PSTATE.M == M32_User then
            UNDEFINED;
        elsif PSTATE.M == M32_System then
            UNPREDICTABLE;                        // UNDEFINED or NOP
        else
            SynchronizeContext();
            SetPSTATEFromPSR(SPSR[]);
            // PSTATE.{N,Z,C,V,Q,GE,SS,A,I,F} are not observable and ignored in Debug state, so
            // behave as if UNKNOWN.
            PSTATE.<N,Z,C,V,Q,GE,SS,A,I,F> = bits(13) UNKNOWN;
            // In AArch32 Debug state, all instructions are T32 and unconditional.
            PSTATE.IT = '00000000';  PSTATE.T = '1';        // PSTATE.J is RES0
            DLR = bits(32) UNKNOWN;  DSPSR = bits(32) UNKNOWN;
            UpdateEDSCRFields();                  // Update EDSCR PE state flags

CONSTRAINED UNPREDICTABLE behavior

If PSTATE.M IN {M32_User,M32_System}, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
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