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MLS

Multiply and Subtract multiplies two register values, and subtracts the product from a third register value. The least significant 32 bits of the result are written to the destination register. These 32 bits do not depend on whether the source register values are considered to be signed values or unsigned values.

It has encodings from the following instruction sets: A32 ( A1 ) and T32 ( T1 ) .

A1

313029282726252423222120191817161514131211109876543210
!= 111100000110RdRaRm1001Rn
cond

A1

MLS{<c>}{<q>} <Rd>, <Rn>, <Rm>, <Ra>

d = UInt(Rd);  n = UInt(Rn);  m = UInt(Rm);  a = UInt(Ra);
if d == 15 || n == 15 || m == 15 || a == 15 then UNPREDICTABLE;

T1

15141312111098765432101514131211109876543210
111110110000RnRaRd0001Rm

T1

MLS{<c>}{<q>} <Rd>, <Rn>, <Rm>, <Ra>

d = UInt(Rd);  n = UInt(Rn);  m = UInt(Rm);  a = UInt(Ra);
if d == 15 || n == 15 || m == 15 || a == 15 then UNPREDICTABLE;
// Armv8-A removes UNPREDICTABLE for R13

For more information about the constrained unpredictable behavior of this instruction, see Architectural Constraints on UNPREDICTABLE behaviors.

Assembler Symbols

<c>

See Standard assembler syntax fields.

<q>

See Standard assembler syntax fields.

<Rd>

Is the general-purpose destination register, encoded in the "Rd" field.

<Rn>

Is the first general-purpose source register holding the multiplicand, encoded in the "Rn" field.

<Rm>

Is the second general-purpose source register holding the multiplier, encoded in the "Rm" field.

<Ra>

Is the third general-purpose source register holding the minuend, encoded in the "Ra" field.

Operation

if ConditionPassed() then
    EncodingSpecificOperations();
    operand1 = SInt(R[n]);  // operand1 = UInt(R[n]) produces the same final results
    operand2 = SInt(R[m]);  // operand2 = UInt(R[m]) produces the same final results
    addend   = SInt(R[a]);  // addend   = UInt(R[a]) produces the same final results
    result = addend - operand1 * operand2;
    R[d] = result<31:0>;

Operational information

If CPSR.DIT is 1, this instruction has passed its condition execution check, and does not use R15 as either its source or destination:

  • The execution time of this instruction is independent of:
    • The values of the data supplied in any of its registers.
    • The values of the NZCV flags.
  • The response of this instruction to asynchronous exceptions does not vary based on:
    • The values of the data supplied in any of its registers.
    • The values of the NZCV flags.
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