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QSUB16

Saturating Subtract 16 performs two 16-bit integer subtractions, saturates the results to the 16-bit signed integer range -215 <= x <= 215 - 1, and writes the results to the destination register.

It has encodings from the following instruction sets: A32 ( A1 ) and T32 ( T1 ) .

A1

313029282726252423222120191817161514131211109876543210
!= 111101100010RnRd(1)(1)(1)(1)0111Rm
cond

A1

QSUB16{<c>}{<q>} {<Rd>,} <Rn>, <Rm>

d = UInt(Rd);  n = UInt(Rn);  m = UInt(Rm);
if d == 15 || n == 15 || m == 15 then UNPREDICTABLE;

T1

15141312111098765432101514131211109876543210
111110101101Rn1111Rd0001Rm

T1

QSUB16{<c>}{<q>} {<Rd>,} <Rn>, <Rm>

d = UInt(Rd);  n = UInt(Rn);  m = UInt(Rm);
if d == 15 || n == 15 || m == 15 then UNPREDICTABLE; // Armv8-A removes UNPREDICTABLE for R13

For more information about the constrained unpredictable behavior of this instruction, see Architectural Constraints on UNPREDICTABLE behaviors.

Assembler Symbols

<c>

See Standard assembler syntax fields.

<q>

See Standard assembler syntax fields.

<Rd>

Is the general-purpose destination register, encoded in the "Rd" field.

<Rn>

Is the first general-purpose source register, encoded in the "Rn" field.

<Rm>

Is the second general-purpose source register, encoded in the "Rm" field.

Operation

if ConditionPassed() then
    EncodingSpecificOperations();
    diff1 = SInt(R[n]<15:0>) - SInt(R[m]<15:0>);
    diff2 = SInt(R[n]<31:16>) - SInt(R[m]<31:16>);
    R[d]<15:0>  = SignedSat(diff1, 16);
    R[d]<31:16> = SignedSat(diff2, 16);
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