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STR (immediate)

Store Register (immediate) calculates an address from a base register value and an immediate offset, and stores a word from a register to memory. It can use offset, post-indexed, or pre-indexed addressing. For information about memory accesses see Memory accesses.

This instruction is used by the alias PUSH (single register).

It has encodings from the following instruction sets: A32 ( A1 ) and T32 ( T1 , T2 , T3 and T4 ) .

A1

313029282726252423222120191817161514131211109876543210
!= 1111010PU0W0RnRtimm12
cond

Offset (P == 1 && W == 0)

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [<Rn> {, #{+/-}<imm>}]

Post-indexed (P == 0 && W == 0)

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [<Rn>], #{+/-}<imm>

Pre-indexed (P == 1 && W == 1)

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [<Rn>, #{+/-}<imm>]!

if P == '0' && W == '1' then SEE "STRT";
t = UInt(Rt);  n = UInt(Rn);  imm32 = ZeroExtend(imm12, 32);
index = (P == '1');  add = (U == '1');  wback = (P == '0') || (W == '1');
if wback && (n == 15 || n == t) then UNPREDICTABLE;

CONSTRAINED UNPREDICTABLE behavior

If wback && n == t, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The store instruction executes but the value stored is unknown.

If wback && n == 15, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The instruction executes without writeback of the base address.
  • The instruction uses the addressing mode described in the equivalent immediate offset instruction.

T1

1514131211109876543210
01100imm5RnRt

T1

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [<Rn> {, #{+}<imm>}]

t = UInt(Rt);  n = UInt(Rn);  imm32 = ZeroExtend(imm5:'00', 32);
index = TRUE;  add = TRUE;  wback = FALSE;

T2

1514131211109876543210
10010Rtimm8

T2

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [SP{, #{+}<imm>}]

t = UInt(Rt);  n = 13;  imm32 = ZeroExtend(imm8:'00', 32);
index = TRUE;  add = TRUE;  wback = FALSE;

T3

15141312111098765432101514131211109876543210
111110001100!= 1111Rtimm12
Rn

T3

STR{<c>}.W <Rt>, [<Rn> {, #{+}<imm>}] // (<Rt>, <Rn>, <imm> can be represented in T1 or T2)

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [<Rn> {, #{+}<imm>}]

if Rn == '1111' then UNDEFINED;
t = UInt(Rt);  n = UInt(Rn);  imm32 = ZeroExtend(imm12, 32);
index = TRUE;  add = TRUE;  wback = FALSE;
if t == 15 then UNPREDICTABLE;

CONSTRAINED UNPREDICTABLE behavior

If t == 15, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The store instruction performs the store using the specified addressing mode but the value corresponding to R15 is unknown.

T4

15141312111098765432101514131211109876543210
111110000100!= 1111Rt1PUWimm8
Rn

Offset (P == 1 && U == 0 && W == 0)

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [<Rn> {, #-<imm>}]

Post-indexed (P == 0 && W == 1)

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [<Rn>], #{+/-}<imm>

Pre-indexed (P == 1 && W == 1)

STR{<c>}{<q>} <Rt>, [<Rn>, #{+/-}<imm>]!

if P == '1' && U == '1' && W == '0' then SEE "STRT";
if Rn == '1111' || (P == '0' && W == '0') then UNDEFINED;
t = UInt(Rt);  n = UInt(Rn);  imm32 = ZeroExtend(imm8, 32);
index = (P == '1');  add = (U == '1');  wback = (W == '1');
if t == 15 || (wback && n == t) then UNPREDICTABLE;

CONSTRAINED UNPREDICTABLE behavior

If wback && n == t, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The store instruction executes but the value stored is unknown.

If wback && n == 15, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The instruction executes without writeback of the base address.
  • The instruction uses the addressing mode described in the equivalent immediate offset instruction.

If t == 15, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The store instruction performs the store using the specified addressing mode but the value corresponding to R15 is unknown.

For more information about the constrained unpredictable behavior of this instruction, see Architectural Constraints on UNPREDICTABLE behaviors.

Assembler Symbols

<c>

See Standard assembler syntax fields.

<q>

See Standard assembler syntax fields.

<Rt>

For encoding A1: is the general-purpose register to be transferred, encoded in the "Rt" field. The PC can be used, but this is deprecated.

For encoding T1, T2, T3 and T4: is the general-purpose register to be transferred, encoded in the "Rt" field.

<Rn>

For encoding A1: is the general-purpose base register, encoded in the "Rn" field. The PC can be used in the offset variant, but this is deprecated.

For encoding T1, T3 and T4: is the general-purpose base register, encoded in the "Rn" field.

+/- Specifies the offset is added to or subtracted from the base register, defaulting to + if omitted and encoded in U:
U +/-
0 -
1 +
+

Specifies the offset is added to the base register.

<imm>

For encoding A1: is the 12-bit unsigned immediate byte offset, in the range 0 to 4095, defaulting to 0 if omitted, and encoded in the "imm12" field.

For encoding T1: is the optional positive unsigned immediate byte offset, a multiple of 4, in the range 0 to 124, defaulting to 0 and encoded in the "imm5" field as <imm>/4.

For encoding T2: is the optional positive unsigned immediate byte offset, a multiple of 4, in the range 0 to 1020, defaulting to 0 and encoded in the "imm8" field as <imm>/4.

For encoding T3: is an optional 12-bit unsigned immediate byte offset, in the range 0 to 4095, defaulting to 0 and encoded in the "imm12" field.

For encoding T4: is an 8-bit unsigned immediate byte offset, in the range 0 to 255, defaulting to 0 if omitted, and encoded in the "imm8" field.

Alias Conditions

AliasOf variantIs preferred when
PUSH (single register)A1 (pre-indexed)P == '1' && U == '0' && W == '1' && Rn == '1101' && imm12 == '000000000100'
PUSH (single register)T4 (pre-indexed)Rn == '1101' && U == '0' && imm8 == '00000100'

Operation

if CurrentInstrSet() == InstrSet_A32 then
    if ConditionPassed() then
        EncodingSpecificOperations();
        offset_addr = if add then (R[n] + imm32) else (R[n] - imm32);
        address = if index then offset_addr else R[n];
        MemU[address,4] = if t == 15 then PCStoreValue() else R[t];
        if wback then R[n] = offset_addr;
else
    if ConditionPassed() then
        EncodingSpecificOperations();
        offset_addr = if add then (R[n] + imm32) else (R[n] - imm32);
        address = if index then offset_addr else R[n];
        MemU[address,4] = R[t];
        if wback then R[n] = offset_addr;

Operational information

If CPSR.DIT is 1, the timing of this instruction is insensitive to the value of the data being loaded or stored.

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