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STREXD

Store Register Exclusive Doubleword derives an address from a base register value, stores a 64-bit doubleword from two registers to the derived address if the executing PE has exclusive access to the memory at that address, and returns a status value of 0 if the store was successful, or of 1 if no store was performed.

For more information about support for shared memory see Synchronization and semaphores. For information about memory accesses see Memory accesses.

It has encodings from the following instruction sets: A32 ( A1 ) and T32 ( T1 ) .

A1

313029282726252423222120191817161514131211109876543210
!= 111100011010RnRd(1)(1)111001Rt
cond

A1

STREXD{<c>}{<q>} <Rd>, <Rt>, <Rt2>, [<Rn>]

d = UInt(Rd);  t = UInt(Rt);  t2 = t+1;  n = UInt(Rn);
if d == 15 || Rt<0> == '1' || t2 == 15 || n == 15 then UNPREDICTABLE;
if d == n || d == t || d == t2 then UNPREDICTABLE;

CONSTRAINED UNPREDICTABLE behavior

If d == t, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The store instruction executes but the value stored is unknown.

If d == n, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The instruction performs the store to an unknown address.

If Rt<0> == '1', then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The instruction executes with the additional decode: Rt<0> = '0'.
  • The instruction executes with the additional decode: t2 = t.
  • The instruction executes as described, with no change to its behavior and no additional side effects.

If Rt == '1110', then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The instruction is handled as described in Using R15.

T1

15141312111098765432101514131211109876543210
111010001100RnRtRt20111Rd

T1

STREXD{<c>}{<q>} <Rd>, <Rt>, <Rt2>, [<Rn>]

d = UInt(Rd);  t = UInt(Rt);  t2 = UInt(Rt2);  n = UInt(Rn);
if d == 15 || t == 15 || t2 == 15 || n == 15 then UNPREDICTABLE;
// Armv8-A removes UNPREDICTABLE for R13
if d == n || d == t || d == t2 then UNPREDICTABLE;

CONSTRAINED UNPREDICTABLE behavior

If d == t, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The store instruction executes but the value stored is unknown.

If d == n, then one of the following behaviors must occur:

  • The instruction is undefined.
  • The instruction executes as NOP.
  • The instruction performs the store to an unknown address.

For more information about the constrained unpredictable behavior of this instruction, see Architectural Constraints on UNPREDICTABLE behaviors.

Assembler Symbols

<c>

See Standard assembler syntax fields.

<q>

See Standard assembler syntax fields.

<Rd>

Is the destination general-purpose register into which the status result of the store exclusive is written, encoded in the "Rd" field. The value returned is:

0
If the operation updates memory.
1
If the operation fails to update memory.

<Rd> must not be the same as <Rn>, <Rt>, or <Rt2>.

<Rt>

For encoding A1: is the first general-purpose register to be transferred, encoded in the "Rt" field. <Rt> must be even-numbered and not R14.

For encoding T1: is the first general-purpose register to be transferred, encoded in the "Rt" field.

<Rt2>

For encoding A1: is the second general-purpose register to be transferred. <Rt2> must be <R(t+1)>.

For encoding T1: is the second general-purpose register to be transferred, encoded in the "Rt2" field.

<Rn>

Is the general-purpose base register, encoded in the "Rn" field.

Aborts and alignment

If a synchronous Data Abort exception is generated by the execution of this instruction:

  • Memory is not updated.
  • <Rd> is not updated.

A non doubleword-aligned memory address causes an Alignment fault Data Abort exception to be generated, subject to the following rules:

  • If AArch32.ExclusiveMonitorsPass() returns TRUE, the exception is generated.
  • Otherwise, it is implementation defined whether the exception is generated.

If AArch32.ExclusiveMonitorsPass() returns FALSE and the memory address, if accessed, would generate a synchronous Data Abort exception, it is implementation defined whether the exception is generated.

Operation

if ConditionPassed() then
    EncodingSpecificOperations();
    address = R[n];
    // Create doubleword to store such that R[t] will be stored at address and R[t2] at address+4.
    value = if BigEndian() then R[t]:R[t2] else R[t2]:R[t];
    if AArch32.ExclusiveMonitorsPass(address,8) then
        MemA[address,8] = value;  R[d] = ZeroExtend('0');
    else
        R[d] = ZeroExtend('1');

Operational information

If CPSR.DIT is 1, the timing of this instruction is insensitive to the value of the data being loaded or stored.

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