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BFMLALB (indexed)

BFloat16 floating-point multiply-add long to single-precision (bottom, indexed).

This BFloat16 floating-point multiply-add long instruction widens the even-numbered 16-bit BFloat16 elements in the first source vector and the indexed element from the corresponding 128-bit segment in the second source vector to single-precision format and then destructively multiplies and adds these values without intermediate rounding to the overlapping 32-bit single-precision elements of the addend and destination vector. This instruction is unpredicated.

Unlike the BFloat16 matrix multiplication and dot product instructions, this instruction performs a fused multiply-add that honors all of the FPCR bits that apply to single-precision arithmetic. It can also generate a floating-point exception that causes cumulative exception bits in the FPSR to be set, or a synchronous exception to be taken, depending on the enable bits in the FPCR.

ID_AA64ZFR0_EL1.BF16 indicates whether this instruction is implemented.



BFMLALB <Zda>.S, <Zn>.H, <Zm>.H[<imm>]

if !HaveSVE() || !HaveBF16Ext() then UNDEFINED;
integer n = UInt(Zn);
integer m = UInt(Zm);
integer da = UInt(Zda);
integer index = UInt(i3h:i3l);

Assembler Symbols


Is the name of the third source and destination scalable vector register, encoded in the "Zda" field.


Is the name of the first source scalable vector register, encoded in the "Zn" field.


Is the name of the second source scalable vector register Z0-Z7, encoded in the "Zm" field.


Is the immediate index, in the range 0 to 7, encoded in the "i3h:i3l" fields.


integer elements = VL DIV 32;
integer eltspersegment = 128 DIV 32;
bits(VL) operand1 = Z[n];
bits(VL) operand2 = Z[m];
bits(VL) operand3 = Z[da];
bits(VL) result;

for e = 0 to elements-1
    integer segmentbase = e - e MOD eltspersegment;
    integer s = 2 * segmentbase + index;
    bits(32) element1 = Elem[operand1, 2 * e + 0, 16] : Zeros(16);
    bits(32) element2 = Elem[operand2, s, 16] : Zeros(16);
    bits(32) element3 = Elem[operand3, e, 32];
    Elem[result, e, 32] = FPMulAdd(element3, element1, element2, FPCR);

Z[da] = result;

Operational information

This instruction might be immediately preceded in program order by a MOVPRFX instruction. The MOVPRFX instruction must conform to all of the following requirements, otherwise the behavior of the MOVPRFX and this instruction is unpredictable:

  • The MOVPRFX instruction must be unpredicated.
  • The MOVPRFX instruction must specify the same destination register as this instruction.
  • The destination register must not refer to architectural register state referenced by any other source operand register of this instruction.