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CRC32B, CRC32H, CRC32W, CRC32X

CRC32 checksum performs a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) calculation on a value held in a general-purpose register. It takes an input CRC value in the first source operand, performs a CRC on the input value in the second source operand, and returns the output CRC value. The second source operand can be 8, 16, 32, or 64 bits. To align with common usage, the bit order of the values is reversed as part of the operation, and the polynomial 0x04C11DB7 is used for the CRC calculation.

In Armv8-A, this is an optional instruction, and in Armv8.1 it is mandatory for all implementations to implement it.

ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1.CRC32 indicates whether this instruction is supported.

313029282726252423222120191817161514131211109876543210
sf0011010110Rm0100szRnRd
C

CRC32B (sf == 0 && sz == 00)

CRC32B <Wd>, <Wn>, <Wm>

CRC32H (sf == 0 && sz == 01)

CRC32H <Wd>, <Wn>, <Wm>

CRC32W (sf == 0 && sz == 10)

CRC32W <Wd>, <Wn>, <Wm>

CRC32X (sf == 1 && sz == 11)

CRC32X <Wd>, <Wn>, <Xm>

if !HaveCRCExt() then UNDEFINED;
integer d = UInt(Rd);
integer n = UInt(Rn);
integer m = UInt(Rm);
if sf == '1' && sz != '11' then UNDEFINED;
if sf == '0' && sz == '11' then UNDEFINED;
integer size = 8 << UInt(sz);

Assembler Symbols

<Wd>

Is the 32-bit name of the general-purpose accumulator output register, encoded in the "Rd" field.

<Wn>

Is the 32-bit name of the general-purpose accumulator input register, encoded in the "Rn" field.

<Xm>

Is the 64-bit name of the general-purpose data source register, encoded in the "Rm" field.

<Wm>

Is the 32-bit name of the general-purpose data source register, encoded in the "Rm" field.

Operation

bits(32) acc = X[n];    // accumulator
bits(size) val = X[m];    // input value
bits(32) poly = 0x04C11DB7<31:0>;

bits(32+size) tempacc = BitReverse(acc):Zeros(size);
bits(size+32) tempval = BitReverse(val):Zeros(32);

// Poly32Mod2 on a bitstring does a polynomial Modulus over {0,1} operation
X[d] = BitReverse(Poly32Mod2(tempacc EOR tempval, poly));

Operational information

If PSTATE.DIT is 1:

  • The execution time of this instruction is independent of:
    • The values of the data supplied in any of its registers.
    • The values of the NZCV flags.
  • The response of this instruction to asynchronous exceptions does not vary based on:
    • The values of the data supplied in any of its registers.
    • The values of the NZCV flags.
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