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12.9. Security and the MMU

The ARMv8-A architecture defines two security states, Secure and Non-secure. It also defines two Physical Address spaces: Secure and Non-secure, such that the Normal world can only access the Non-secure Physical Address space. The Secure world can access both the Secure and Non-secure Physical Address spaces.

In Non-secure state, the NS bits and NSTable bits in translation tables are ignored. Only Non-secure memory can be accessed. In Secure state, the NS bits and NSTable bits control whether a Virtual Address translates to a Secure or Non-secure Physical Address. You can use SCR_EL3.CIF to prevent the Secure world from executing from any Virtual Address that translates to a Non-secure Physical Address. Additionally, when in the Secure world, you can use the SCR.CIF bit to control whether Secure instruction fetches can be made to Non-secure physical memory.

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