The ARM instruction set is a set of 32-bit instructions providing a comprehensive range of operations.
ARMv4T and later define a 16-bit instruction set called the Thumb instruction set. Most of the functionality of the 32-bit ARM instruction set is available, but some operations require more instructions. The Thumb instruction set provides better code density, at the expense of performance.
ARMv6T2 introduces a major enhancement of the Thumb instruction set by providing 32-bit Thumb instructions. The 32-bit and 16-bit Thumb instructions together provide almost exactly the same functionality as the ARM instruction set. The enhanced Thumb instruction set (Thumb®-2) achieves the high performance of ARM code and better code density like 16-bit Thumb code.
ARMv7 defines the Thumb Execution Environment (ThumbEE). The ThumbEE instruction set is based on Thumb, with some changes and additions to make it a better target for dynamically generated code, that is, code compiled on the device either shortly before or during execution.