Cortex-A55

Arm’s most power efficient mid-range application CPU built on Arm DynamIQ technology. 

Overview

The Arm Cortex-A55 processor is a market-leading CPU that delivers the best combination of power efficiency and performance in its class. It is part of the first generation of application CPUs based on DynamIQ technology and features the latest Armv8-A architecture extensions, with dedicated machine learning instructions. 

The Cortex-A55 incorporates an extensively redesigned microarchitecture system that improves performance across the board while being very competitive in area and power efficiency. It delivers up to 18% more performance at 15% better power efficiency when compared to its predecessor, the Cortex-A53. 

Designed to be an extremely scalable CPU, the versatile Cortex-A55 can be used to address a wide range of applications with diverging cost, from the edge to the cloud. The Cortex-A55 can be implemented in both stand-alone applications or as a ‘LITTLE’ CPU to the Cortex-A75 with DynamIQ big.LITTLE.

Learn more about Arm DynamIQ technology


Key benefits

Efficient performance redefined

Broad market application

The Cortex-A55 processor is designed for extreme scalability to meet the requirements across multiple markets, while delivering great performance and efficiency for immersive experiences. With over 3000 unique design configurations, the Cortex-A55 CPU can be tailored to your application, be it at the edge, the cloud, or anything in between.

Breakthrough performance

The Cortex-A55 delivers significantly higher performance than the Cortex-A53 across the board, including integer (+18%), floating point (+20%), NEON SIMD (+40%), JavaScript (+15%), and memory (200%) workloads. This boost in performance provides more responsive user interactions for all touchscreen-based devices, higher bandwidth in infrastructure systems, and higher reaction speeds in autonomous automotive.


Highlights

 General
 Architecture  Armv8-A (Harvard)
 Extensions

 Armv8.1 extensions

 Armv8.2 extensions

 Cryptography extensions

 RAS extensions

 Armv8.3 (LDAPR instructions only)

 ISA Support  A64, A32 and T32 instruction sets
 Microarchitecture  Pipeline  In-order
 Superscalar  Yes
 NEON / Floating Point Unit  Optional
 Cryptography Unit  Optional
 Max number of CPUs in cluster  Eight (8)
 Physical addressing (PA)  40-bit
     
 Memory System and External Interfaces  L1 I-Cache / D-Cache  16KB to 64KB
 L2 Cache  Optional, 64KB to 256KB
 L3 Cache  Optional, 512KB to 4MB
 ECC Support  Yes
 LPAE  Yes
 Bus interfaces  ACE or CHI
 ACP  Optional
 Peripheral Port  Optional
     
 Other  Functional Safety Support  Up to ASIL D
 Security  TrustZone
 Interrupts  GIC interface, GIVv4
 Generic timer  Armv8-A
 PMU  PMUv3
 Debug  Armv8-A (plus Armv8.2-A extensions)
 CoreSight  CoreSightv3
 Embedded Trace Macrocell  ETMv4.2 (Instruction trace)

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Applications

Built as a low-power processor with 64-bit capabilities, the Cortex-A55 processor is applicable in a range of devices requiring high performance in power-constrained environments. Some notable deployments include:

Automotive

IoT Gateways

Consumer

Mobile VR

Infrastructure

Wearables


Key features

Superior efficiency

Featuring an extensive microarchitecture redesign, the Cortex-A55 processor is able to achieve breakthrough performance, while maintaining similar levels of power and 15% better power efficiency than the Cortex-A53. The efficiency gain enables the Cortex-A55 to deliver higher sustained performance for thermally constrained applications as well as exceptional power savings for low-power applications. 

New memory subsystem

The Cortex-A55 features an integrated, configurable L2 cache within each CPU that achieves more than 50% reduced latency for memory accesses. It contains an L3 cache that is shared across up to eight Cortex-A55 CPUs within a single cluster. This new memory subsystem, which is designed for high bandwidth, improves overall compute performance while also reducing system power.

State-of-the-art architecture

With support for the Armv8-A architecture, the Cortex-A55 processor is backwards-compatible with existing software and comes with a wealth of existing ecosystem support, from tools to Operating Systems. It also features the latest architecture extensions that introduce new NEON instructions for machine learning, advanced safety features and more support for Reliability, Accessibility and Serviceability (RAS).

DynamIQ big.LITTLE

The Cortex-A55 processor is designed to be compatible with the Cortex-A75 CPU for DynamIQ big.LITTLE, the next generation in big.LITTLE technology. DynamIQ big.LITTLE offers support for new CPU configurations, such as 1xbig + 7xLITTLE and 1xbig + 3xLITTLE, that achieve superior area efficiency, while delivering exceedingly high performance for richer, immersive experiences on all touchscreen-based devices.

Support

Arm training courses and on-site system-design advisory services enable licensees to efficiently integrate the Cortex-A55 processor into their design to realize maximum system performance with lowest risk and fastest time-to-market.

 

  • The Cortex-A55 Technical Reference Manual

    For system designers, system integrators, and programmers who are designing a SoC, the Technical Reference Manual is the go-to resource.

  • Cortex-A55 Software Optimization Guide

    For software engineers and programmers, the software optimization guide examines the performance characteristics of instructions in detail.

  • Cortex-A Series Programmer’s Guide for Armv8.2-A

    Common to all Cortex-A series processors, this programmer's guide is useful for assembly and C language application development for Armv8.2-A.


  • Cortex-A55 Safety Documents Package

    For customers who needs to safety certification for their end products, Arm provides a Safety Documentation Package for silicon developers and safety-certified toolchain to accelerate the time to market.


  • Arm Design Reviews

    Arm's on-site design review service gives licensees confidence that their Cortex-A55 CPU is implemented efficiently to provide maximum system performance, with lowest risk and fastest time-to-market.

    Explore Arm Design Reviews
  • Questions? Request more information

    Learn more about Cortex-A55, Arm’s most power-efficient, mid-range application CPU, built on Arm DynamIQ technology. Contact us to speak with our technical team.


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